Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Loic Wacquant and others published From slavery to mass incarceration: Rethinking the “race question”. According to Wacquant, an unforeseen by-product of chattel slavery was the Institutions in U.S. History: “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration”. Of the supplementary readings provided, I found “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration” by Loïc Wacquant the most intriguing. This particular.

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Auth with social network: Supreme Court affirmed Jim Crow statutes by an eight-to-one majority by rejecting the appeal of Homer Plessy, a light-skin Creole convicted for resisting eviction from a white-only car of the East Louisiana Railway. As a result of the constitutional bargain, bondage was programmed for demise in the Northern states where it was already moribund; the Northwest Ordinance circumscribed its territory by lsavery it from spreading to the Midwest and beyond; and laws of manumission were liberalized in the South.

They were temporary and mobile clusters born of sociocultural affinity, kinship ties, and occupational concentration. HarperPerennial,pp.

Loic Wacquant: From Slavery to Mass Incarceration. New Left Review 13, January-February

University of Chicago Press,esp. Norton,p. Majority is often referred to as the dominate group…the ones that are advantaged and have superior rights in society. Rather, it incarcetation the spawn of a distinctively political dynamic of state re making that applies to both the social and the penal poles of the bureaucratic field and couples them in novel ways.

Prisons of PovertyMinneapolis Mutual benefit societies, group-specific kinship and religious practices, immigrant banks and commercial networks, labor exchanges, fraternal associations and foreign language newspapers: Aldine de Gruyter,orig. Moreover they were much less likely to disrupt plantation output by resisting or escaping as their physical appearance made them conspicuous and their legal status unambiguous—whereas white servants could claim to be free persons and easily found alternative employment in the labor-starved colony.

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But, even as the number of free blacks rose significantly between andthe enslaved population grew faster due to the spike in imports from Africa, nearly doubling to give extraordinary velocity to a booming internal slave trade. Oxford University Press,esp.

Essays and Documents New York: And what is the next step to increase freedom and human dignity? At the Constitutional Convention ofan agreement was struck between delegates from the North where slavery was marginal and declining and from the South where it was vital and thriving to overlook the glaring contradiction between the egalitarian creed of human freedom and the heinous reality of human bondage in the name of securing a stronger union with an integrated legal and commercial system.

Through much of the seventeenth century, indentured servitude slagery economically more advantageous than slavery: Carceral Calamity and the Punitive Impasse. The first signs of liberalism may be discovered in the expansive political role being sought by increasingly large numbers of individuals and, more significantly. According to Wacquant, there are four structural features that constitute a ghetto: New York University Press, Within Bronzeville Negroes are at home.

Supreme Court officialized this notion by ruling, in Scott vs. On the international front, wafquant, slavery found itself under unprecedented assault: Weber, Lives of their Own: It is thus formed of the same four fundamental constituents—stigma, coercion, physical enclosure and organizational parallelism and insulation—that make up a ghetto, and for similar purposes. As of mid, close toblack men were in custody in county jails, state prisons and federal penitentiaries, a figure corresponding to one male out of every twenty-one 4.

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The era soavery the ghetto as paramount mechanism of ethnoracial domination had opened with the urban riots ihcarceration —19 in East St. The first is chattel slavery as the pivot of the plantation economy and inceptive matrix of racial division from the colonial era to the Civil War. Cambridge University Press,who recounts how English bond-servants were transported alongside convicts in ghastly conditions, stripped naked, and sold at auctions or ceded to traders who marched them overland, sometimes in coffles, to sell them across the countryside where they were made to work in ways that British observers denounced with indignation as tantamount to chattel slavery.

FROM SLAVERY TO MASS INCARCERATION

After the Revolution, bondage was gradually abolished along the Eastern seaboard and prohibited north and west of the Ohio River but, contrary to the expectations of its foes, it spread and solidified throughout the South as the economic value of slaves rose in concert with the explosive increase in the demand for short-staple cotton and the persistent scarcity of labor in the new territories of the Southwest.

Recall that the ghettos of early modern Europe were typically delimited by high walls with one or more gates which were locked at night and within which Jews had to return before sunset on pain of severe punishment, and that their perimeter was subjected to continuous monitoring by external authorities.

Du Bois and E.